Dark Fibre Agreement

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Posted by lapi | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 16-09-2021

Dark Fibre concerns access to “unlit” (unused) telecommunications fibres. Generally speaking, large telecommunications operators and public distribution undertakings (suppliers) have obscure fibre optic networks that can be made available to transport service providers (CSPs) to expand their network. Below we present key elements of Dark Fibre and the corresponding issues in telecommunications service contracts between CSPs and their business end users (end users). Since Dark Fibre agreements are B2B agreements, the end user should insist on service credits if the service level availability target is not met, on a sliding scale that depends on the duration of downtime. In this sector, a significant downtime of 4 hours per month, with an availability of <99.5%, should result in a considerable service credit of about 50%. According to the Wall Street Journal, Dark Fiber was developed by AT&T decades ago while it still enjoyed monopoly power. IRUs allowed AT&T`s competitors to access the expensive submarine cables that only AT&T could afford. [2] Some controversies remain regarding the recognition of IRUs as assets in the context of a business-to-business asset exchange transaction. Since IURs are technically rights to a physical part of a cable, they can be considered an asset, which means that their costs are not part of the company`s operating results, but manifest themselves under physical assets.

The IRU is counted as part of the physical facility of the company that the IRU is purchasing. [2] The unfeasible right of use (IRU) is a kind of permanent contractual contract of telecommunications leases that cannot be cancelled between the owners of a communication system and a customer of that system. The word “indefensible” means “may not be cancelled, cancelled or cancelled”. The customer acquires the right to use a certain part of the capacity of the system for a certain number of years. IRU contracts are almost always long-term and usually last 20 to 30 years. The communication system can be a wire cable, for example. B an underwater communication cable, a fibre optic cable or a satellite. An IRU holder may use the corresponding network capacity of the IRU licensor unconditionally and exclusively for the specified period. Today, several high-bandwidth services, running with 10 Gb/s, 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s, can be delivered over a multiplex wavelength and by a single fiber optic wire. Dark fiber networks are a great way to ensure that future capacity requirements can be met. Spectrum Get connectivity with extremely high bandwidth with Colt Spectrum. The flexibility and control of a long-distance fiber optic network, with no overhead from Dark Fiber.

Due to the increased demand for fiber optics to support the mobile backhaul (MBH) of 5G mobile services, our fiber optic networks in the metropolitan area are poised to meet this demand. Dark Fiber exists in some areas because Carrier has designed more fiber optic infrastructure than necessary. The physical cables are then able to support CSPs who want their own connections.

Countrywide Agreement In Principle

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Posted by lapi | Posted in Uncategorized | Posted on 16-09-2021

A mortgage in principle allows you to look more serious to potential sellers and will likely give you an advantage over other potential buyers who don`t. An agreement in principle (AIP) – also called a decision in principle (DIP) or mortgage in principle (PMI) – is a written estimate or statement from a lender to say how much money they would lend you if you bought real estate. In principle, a mortgage is not a formal mortgage offer, nor is it guaranteed that the lender will grant you a mortgage in the future. Typically, you get a mortgage online, over the phone or, if you apply to a bank or mortgage company, in the branch. Once you`ve discovered your needs and are looking for a home, it`s time to get a mortgage deal in principle. This is also called a “policy decision” and is a statement from a lender that they are willing to lend you a certain amount once you find the property you want to buy. Once you have your agreement in principle, you can look at real estate that falls within your specific price range; That is, the amount you could borrow, plus every deposit you might have saved. We offer mortgages that allow you to buy a home with up to three other people, but it is important to be careful – we advise you to get legal advice before entering into an agreement for the purchase of real estate with another person. The agreement applies to persons who financed their homes with subprime loans or variable-rate mortgages made before 31 December 2007. The deal could help some 400,000 borrowers. You can complete the entire process online – it basicy only takes about 15 minutes to get a mortgage.

Filling out the online forms with some lenders can even make you an immediate offer. It may take longer if you do it over the phone or in the store. Decision in principle For now, a decision in principle allows you to know if we can lend you the amount you need based on your monthly income and expenses. Free and without obligation, it is valid for 60 days. You can make a decision in principle online, by phone or in the store. However, it is best to make your decision in principle in the store if you know that you want to apply for your mortgage face-to-face. In principle, you have already made your decision, so if you have accepted an offer for a property, then you can apply for a mortgage online. You must feel comfortable choosing your mortgage without being advised by us. If you have an agreement in principle and decide to make a full application to this lender, you must provide more detailed personal information. The lender is not required to lend you the full amount described in the AIP. Once you have submitted an offer for a property, you must apply for your mortgage. You can book an appointment to come to one of our stores or to speak to one of our first-time buyer phone advisors, there are so many opportunities to help you buy your first home.

There is also a lot to consider, such as Lifetime ISA`s, help with the purchase of ISAs, help with the purchase of equity loans, shared Ownership. Whalen said the drop in Bank of America`s stock price was related to general concern about the health of the United States.